Driving in America

Well, school has begun for the year, and the annual increase in insanity on the road has returned.   Anyone else notice?  I’m not sure if it really gets worse every year, or if I’m just getting older.  Most likely I’m getting older, but that doesn’t mean drivers aren’t also getting worse at the task of driving.  Maybe it’s because they don’t understand that it is not only a task, but it is one that is best done on its own and not as merely another part of multi-tasking.  Honestly…

Thank God I no longer have to insert myself into the insanity of commuting on the US 101 freeway, anymore.  I still drive to work every morning, just not on 101.  But I’m sure I’m not the only person out there that has seen all sorts of multi-tasking while behind the wheel.  I’ve seen normally sensible people eating breakfast, and not just a one-handed affair with a McDonald’s or similar outlet’s ham and egg sandwich.  I mean eating cereal from bowl held in one hand with a spoon in the other while steering with elbows.  And, of course, brushing teeth afterwards is certainly necessary–while still behind the wheel in bumper to bumper traffic traveling at anywhere from stop-and-go to sixty-plus MPH.  Fairly common sights are ladies driving with their elbows while applying various items of make-up while their main focus in on their image in the mirror, either rear-view or fold-down on the visor.  Or, how about the guy I saw in my rear-view mirror with the lower portion of his face hidden behind a newspaper held across his steering wheel, and only occasionally glancing up at the real world beyond his windshield?  Come to think of it, I saw him more than once.  I couldn’t swear it was the same guy, though, since I could only see his eyes once in awhile.

Yes, I am free from the insanity on the US 101 freeway, but not all insanity.  Just driving from one side of town to the other, I still use a local freeway, just not one as fun as US 101.  But, then, city street traffic has its own version of insanity.  I’m not talking about a big city, either.  Santa Rosa is only about 160,000, and spread out over a few square miles.  It’s normally not too bad, though…unless you look at the details.

How high should one have to count before pulling into an intersection after getting a green light?  Five would be risky, and ten should be fairly safe, but do you really want to bet your life on it?  Sure as hell, when you do, someone is going to come bombing through because he is running late getting to work, or getting home from work, or getting to wherever it is that is so important for him to get to, and he and two or three tons of steel are going to join you in your front seat.  But, if you don’t jump out there as soon at the light goes green, the guy behind you is going to start laying on his horn.  And, try this sometime when you are sitting at a red light watching the cross traffic go by:  count the number of cars driven by cell phone users.  It might be easier to count the ones that aren’t driven by someone whose attention, or at least half of it, is not pulled away to some far away place.  And then, there are the really scary ones with their attention focused on their laps as they barrel through or make a left turn into the lane beside you.  We can only hope their laps are occupied by a cell phone on which they are texting, and not some lesser, baser activity.

At those hours in the morning and afternoon when parents are transporting our future to and from school, the numbers of cars seems to double, at least.  And I could never understand that.  Does that mean during the summer when the kids aren’t in school, both parents aren’t holding down jobs?  I remember when it used to be like that, but those years have long ago faded into the murky past.  And I wonder how many of the cars en-route to or from schools are among those idiots that apparently have no idea what a big red stop sign means when it swings out from the side of a school bus stopped at the curb with red lights flashing front and rear.  I have counted five, six and more cars just whiz on past those temporary, mandatory no-travel zones, and probably swearing at the bus drivers for blocking their roadway.  I’m not sure what would be the best answer for that.  Having a fleet of police cars escorting each bus would do it, but that would be expensive.  How about gattling-gun mounts similar to what Apache helicopters have, with each bus also carrying a gunner dedicated to its operation.  Naw, someone would sue.

Although driving isn’t necessarily a venue for entertainment, it can be if you can avoid being caught up in the insanity and merely observe it around you.  A great place for this is just about any place where a multi-lane roadway necks down to fewer lanes.  It’s like watching the scramble for position when the green flag flies at Indianapolis.  You’d think they really bought into those new car commercials where the manufacturers demonstrates how their cars really can do the stuff you only see in Mission Impossible movies.  Everyone is going to do their best to get to the narrows first, even if they know it means slowing to a crawl in the line of cars on the now reduced width road.  It’s like they take it as a personal assault on their dignity if someone manages to get there ahead of them.  I wonder, do schools still teach children how to stand in line and wait for their turn before moving ahead?  Are they still taught to yield to each other when they both arrive at the door then proceed with mutual respect.  Do they learn to back off when approaching their goal if another child is closer, falling in behind to be next in peaceful, polite manner instead of rushing forward to beat the one that would, otherwise, get there first?  If they are taught these things, at what point are they allowed to no longer practice what they have learned?  When does it become okay to rush forward, making it a race to the door or slide or swing or whatever?  When do they realize no one is going to stop them from cutting in line unless whoever they are cutting in front of is bigger, meaner, and more likely to violently teach them better manners?  Why has it become another function of the police to intercede in school discipline?  But, that is a matter that deserves a blog all its own.

What is this aversion in recent years to closing up the space between your car and the one in front when you all come to a stop at a red light?  If ten cars are stopped in the same lane, at least five will leave at least a full car length between it and the one in front.  Is this what the driving schools are teaching, now? Do they say you should be able to see the back tires of the car in front of you to be sure you won’t be shoved into him if someone slams into your rear?  And, if that’s the case, are they also teaching it really isn’t necessary to see ten or fifteen feet of pavement behind those tires, or do they just leave it to the judgment and the paranoia of the drivers.  Maybe it was when the price of average cars climbed to fifteen, twenty, thirty, fifty thousand dollars that everyone became obsessed with avoiding damaging their investments by using the same thinking that takes up two adjoining spaces in parking lots for the shinny, new baubles.  One problem that goes unattended when this occurs is that a number of cars are forced to stop at the last intersection back even though that light is green.  And if someone creeps ahead into that intersection, where, after all, the light is green, he is likely to still be sitting there when his light turns red and the cross traffic then has to wait until he can move out of the way.  I know it’s not because of all the huge SUVs and pickups on the road now that are mixed in with the smaller, modern cars.  Back before this driving technique began, most of the cars on the road were humongous machines out of Detroit that were as long as the monsters on today’s roads.

Anyway, that’s what I think.  How about you?

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Petaluma’s Own Keystone Kops

There have been recent incidents of police vehicle pursuits in which, too often, un-involved citizens are injured or killed.  Many people, in law enforcement and out, are saying such things should be discontinued unless the pursued person is known to be a dangerous felon; and, even then, only after serious consideration.  That’s probably not a bad idea, given the amount of cars on the roads these days, even at all hours of the day or night.  It has not always been that way, though.  I remember back in the good old days…

At about 9:00 or 10:00 o’clock one night in the city of Petaluma, a lovely little town in the coastal hills of Northern California sometime in the early 1970’s when the city’s population was probably not over 17,000, Officer Bill Lane tried to stop a car for speeding or some other infraction while eastbound on East Washington Street at about Payran Street.  They continued east two or three blocks to the U.S. 101 freeway where Bill followed him onto the southbound on-ramp.  That’s when Bill called it out as a pursuit.  They continued at speeds of 80 and 90 MPH to somewhere near the Marin County line south of town.  Traffic on the freeway was fairly light at the time, even for back then.  The other car, the rabbit, did a U-turn on the freeway and came back at Bill head-on.  After a near-miss, the rabbit crossed the center divider and headed back northbound.  Bill crossed the divider and continued to pursue.  After two or three miles, Bill chased him onto the first off ramp, Petaluma Blvd. South (PBS).

When they came back into town on PBS, at least three and maybe as many as a dozen other patrol cars (it seemed; of course, Petaluma PD only had six or so at that time, including the chief’s) were waiting, myself included.  I was driving and Johnny Turner was my shotgun.  Remember that, Johnny?  We all tried to block off the Blvd. at McNear Avenue, but it’s a wide four lanes and the guy easily slipped around us and barreled on northbound on PBS towards downtown.  With Bill still first in line, the rest of us fell in behind with light flashing and sirens blaring.  Somewhere before “D” Street, the car turned off into the residential area west of PBS (which is 3rd Street).

This is an area of straight streets and square corners, a typical, older residential area.  North-south streets are numbered starting with 1st St. next to the river and progressing west to 12th Street with the next beyond being Sunnyslope Avenue.  East-west streets are lettered starting with “A” St. near downtown and progressing south to “I” St.  The next street south is Mountain View Avenue and the one past that is McNear Avenue.  The terrain in this area of town is flat and level east of where the hills start west of Sunnyslope Avenue and north of Mountain View and “I” Street.  The only street that continues out into the countryside from this area of town between PBS, which goes south to the freeway, and “D” Street, which goes west to the coast, is “I” St.

The rabbit kept making U-turns and coming back head-on at the first pursuing patrol car.  But when he would get past that one, there was always another one ready to pick up the pursuit.  This went on around a number of blocks, seldom more than one or two before turning left or right.  The highest speed attained during this phase was probably not much over 50 MPH since everyone kept turning.

While one or two cars stayed behind the pursing officer as back-up, the rest of us kept trying to get ahead to block off streets.  So when the parade went westbound on “I” Street for a distance, another car and mine just happened to be in place to block him.  Even before “I” Street gets out of town, the western hills begin, and, if you know the area, you can get back to U. S. 101 a couple of miles south of town or keep going west through the unlit maze of hills and curves in the 30 miles or so between town and the coast.  We didn’t want him to get out there.

We set our cars across “I” Street in the area between Sunnyslope Avenue and Sunnyslope Road farther west.  There was a drop-off of eight or ten feet to a wooded creek bed on our north side, and the south side of the road was bordered by a high, rocky bank, no sidewalks on either side.  It should have been an ideal place for a roadblock, a real choke-point.  It was an ideal place.  The driver of the rabbit car just didn’t play fair.  Or he was crazy.  Or drunk.  From the way he was driving, I don’t think he was drunk.  We had our cars in a vee, with the other car pointed east towards the direction of the rabbit’s approach, and my car pointed in his direction of travel.  It wasn’t planned that way; that’s just the way we ended up after we both came sliding to a stop when we realized our opportunity.  There were about four feet between my car’s left-front and the other car’s left rear.

We didn’t have time to get out and take shielded positions before the rabbit and his pursuers came screaming around the curve just east of us.  Johnny had called out the position of the roadblock on the radio so the other guys wouldn’t slam into us as well as the idiot they were chasing.  But when the idiot they were chasing came around the curve and saw us, he sped up and aimed straight for the space between us—those very small four feet.  Now, there weren’t a lot of big, beefy cars from Detroit in the sixties and seventies that were less than four feet wide, but, fortunately, the officer driving the other car had a better view then I had.  He had the good sense to widen the space between us just before the rabbit got there.  However, in attempting to get turned and proceeding in the direction of the rabbit that was roaring on down the road, the other officer managed to get his car across the road in such a way that every other pursuing car had to stop, or at least slow down and try to squeeze past him.  Meanwhile, there I was with Johnny, facing in the right direction with my engine running, warmed up and ready to go.  So, we went.

Instead of the rabbit continuing on out “I” Street where he might have been able to lose us in the dark, rural wilderness, he turned onto Sunnyslope Road which curved back to the east and delivered him right back to Sunnyslope Avenue, then across it and back into the grid of numbered and lettered streets.

Now Johnny and I were the ones leading the chase around blocks.  The rabbit car was a late sixties or early-seventies something, large and powerful, like a Lincoln or Ford, or something mean and husky from General Motors; I don’t remember.  I was driving a sky-blue Plymouth Fury, also early 70’s, with a 400 CID engine; not monstrous, but hefty enough.  Having a shotgun officer was handy; he handled the radio and all I had to do was concentrate on driving.

So there we went, around and around the blocks, Johnny calling out each change of direction and me hanging on the guy’s rear bumper.  He tried various tricks to get me off his tail, such as turning at the last instant as we went through intersections, and swerving back and forth before intersections so I wouldn’t have a clue which way he might go if he did turn.  And lots of slamming on his brakes, trying to catch me too close to avoid slamming into his rear end with my more vulnerable front end with its vulnerable radiator just behind the grill.

Well, eventually, he got me, but not my radiator.  When I slammed into him, my big, bulky push-bumper protected my radiator and everything else behind the grill—except for my hood latch.  After all the screeching and slamming and banging and sliding to a halt, Johnny and I sat there watching what looked like about forty acres of blue hood rise up in front of the windshield.  I could hear the rabbit’s tires squealing as the roar of his engine faded into the distance.  Johnny was on the radio, yelling out the direction the guy was going and that we were dropping out of the pursuit.

Our patrol car had a wide strip of louvers across the back of the hood just forward of the windshield.  So, with the hood up, we could look through the louvers at the road ahead.  We both sat there watching through the louvers as the next patrol car took up the chase a couple of blocks away.

Now, Johnny and I were both so pumped full of adrenalin and desire to get that guy, we weren’t about to shut it down.  Even with the hood up, I could see through the louvers well enough to drive, just not very fast.  So when we saw the pursuit take a left turn a block or two up the road, I took off in that same direction on the parallel road.  We kept up with the changing locations with the radio, and I managed to keep us within three or four blocks of the action, moving in the same general direction as the flow of the mobile circus.  Remember Keystone Kops pursuits where one car goes across an intersection one way as another car goes across in the opposite direction a block or two away?

Eventually, we got to “I” Street again.  We were southbound on 5th, and the chase was going across “I” Street on 6th, also southbound.  It just so happened that about the time I pushed my crippled patrol car across “I” Street, Lieutenant DeWitt was crossing on 6th in line behind the pursuing cars (Shut the chase down?  What are you, crazy?).  I suppose when he looked east as he was going through the intersection, he misunderstood our intent, because he immediately got on the radio and, in a voice very close to panic, instructed, “The car with the hood up—shut it down, shut it down!”  He probably assumed I would immediately obey his order, because he didn’t say anything else and kept going in his own position in the line of pursuit.  It really wasn’t necessary, I assured him afterwards, because we weren’t in the chase anymore, anyway…not really.  Johnny and I just wanted to be there when the guy stacked it up, if he did.  We were pretty sure he would.  Well, sure enough, he did.

It couldn’t have been many seconds after the lieutenant issued his panicky orders to the strange looking car a block away that it came over the radio that the rabbit had, indeed, stacked it up.  After 6th Street crosses “I” Street, going south, it goes over a pretty good rise.  And right after the crest, 6th Street makes a slight jog to the left on the way to Mountain View Avenue.  So anyone going south on 6th Street at any rate of speed up and over the hill had better be aware of what the street does on the other side.  Apparently, the driver of the rabbit car wasn’t.

The first car behind him said the rabbit was doing about sixty when he made the crest.  On the other side he went airborne far enough to come down in the parking lane next to the curb.  Unfortunately, a car was already parked there.  After knocking that car out of the way, the rabbit bounced across the next house’s front lawn, and then the big old beast slammed into the corner of the next house after that, and the chase was over–the car chase, anyway.

The pursuing officers were familiar with 6th Street and the sneaky curve south of the crest, so they all managed to stop with only a bit of screeching, tire squealing, broad-sliding, and just plain skidding.  By the time I made it on down to Mountain View Avenue, west to 6th Street, and then back north to the area of the pursuit termination, everyone was out of their cars.  Some were standing around looking at various damaged cars, houses, shrubs and lawns.  Others were talking to some bewildered residents that had gone to bed certain in their knowledge that they were safely in their house and that their car was safely parked at the curb in front of their house.

Johnny and I parked and tried a couple of times to re-latch the hood of our patrol car, but it wouldn’t catch.  I think we had to wire it shut before we were allowed to drive it back to the station.  As we worked on it, a couple of officers came walking out from between two houses.  They had been in foot pursuit after the driver.  They said he ran like a scared deer, last seen heading through back yards northbound towards “I” Street, and who knows from there?  They got into their cars and drove back that way, but they never found him.  The officer that was checking the interior of the rabbit car, just to see if it contained any dead bodies, bales of marijuana or smuggled machine-guns, rose up with a big smile on his face.  In his hand he held a set of dentures he had picked up from the floor beside the gas pedal, apparently having popped from the driver’s mouth from the force of the stop.

As it turned out, the car, which had Texas license plates, was not stolen.  The driver had not just robbed a bank, nor had he just gunned down a group of children.  When he was finally found a month or so later, he said his driver’s license was suspended, and he didn’t want another ticket.  Then he asked if he could have his teeth back.

Ah, the good old days…



Thoughts on the 2nd Amendment

I like guns.  I really do.  I understand their fascination.  Back in 1956 and 1957 I was on the small-bore competition rifle team in high school.  I was pretty good, too.  Some years later, I competed on my police department’s pistol team, qualifying expert most of the time, and master twice.  But, except for target shooting to maintain my proficiency for the possibility that one day I might have to, God forbid, shoot someone in my duty to serve and protect, there was really no compelling reason for me to have a gun.

The primary purpose of a gun is to kill; target shooting is just practice for that ultimate use.  A peace officer may legitimately kill only in self defense or in defense of another.  The military, which includes the militia, which these days is the National Guard, legitimately kills only in national defense.  A hunter legitimately kills only for needed food or if he is attacked by a vicious animal while traipsing through the wilds.  A citizen may legitimately kill only in self-defense or in defense of another.

Any gun that is not used for killing, legitimately or otherwise, regardless of its size and firepower, is a toy.  A privately owned P-51 Mustang with three fifty caliber machine-guns in each wing, if such a thing were allowed to be owned and used by a private citizen, would be a toy.  But to believers that the 2nd Amendment allows no limits on what arms a citizen may keep and bear, even that should be allowed.  Target shooting and sport hunting is playing with toys.  Target competition is playing, even in the Olympics; it merely illustrates the proficiency with which the competitors would be able to kill in other circumstances.  Many other “sports” are the same.  The original purpose of javelins, which are spears, was to kill hunted prey for food, competing or attacking predators, or enemies in battle.  Shot-put probably evolved from throwing stones at animals and enemies.  Archery is basically the same as target shooting but with weapons that don’t go boom.  Tradition is a fine sentiment, but going into the woods to kill an animal for the trophy or unneeded meat, is play.  The play is to pretend to be an essential protector or provider for the tribe huddling back at the cave, or some variation of that.  Killing for play, even animals, has long been losing its legitimacy, which Merriam-Webster Reference Library defines as conforming to recognized principles or accepted rules or standards.  It’s pretty much going out of favor the same way as pit-bull fighting, cock-fighting, bullfighting, and throwing Christians to the lions.

When the founding fathers wrote the U. S. Constitution there were no police in the colonies, only the federal military, the state militias, which, at that time, were all able-bodies men that could be called upon to aid the small military in repelling invaders, and the citizenry.  The larger cities might have sheriffs and their staffs to maintain order, but in the towns and villages, a homeowner, farmer, or shopkeeper had to rely on himself and his neighbors to keep safe in the course of daily living.  Without a trusty musket over his mantle, things could get dicey.

But, did those great men intend that the 2nd Amendment they added should limit this country’s ability to control criminal violence for all time?  Or was it to allow citizens to protect themselves and their new homeland in a culture that had no other local protection until such time that the evolving nation developed a better system?  Could they have envisioned gangs and cartels over two hundred years later with open-market access to assault weapons?  Could they have envisioned assault weapons?  Could they have envisioned a future with access to guns so common that a deranged person could go down to the corner, buy a gun, and then walk into a theater or shopping mall or airport and shoot people at random?  Or how about a school child who could bring his father’s unsecured gun to class to show off to his peers, or to threaten them—or to shoot them?  Might they have envisioned their progeny developing trained agencies to police the towns and counties of their new nation?

I believe they did, and they built on their faith in us.  With wisdom seldom demonstrated since, this country’s founders included Article 5 in the United States Constitution as a method to amend the amazing document they created, the Constitution that was to be the supreme law of the land.  Even the admonition that the right to bear arms shall not be infringed is an amendment, an addition, to the original, none of which, by the way, was carved in stone.

How did such deadly toys become so sacred that they can only be pried from cold, dead hands?  Could our founders have envisioned a society so enraptured with guns that we refuse to use the tools they gave us to adjust our Constitution as needed?  Probably not.

So, why all the guns?  Are they really to prevent a president from using the military to make himself a dictator?  Does anyone actually believe that the United States military, or any part of it large enough to make any difference, could be blindly led into supporting or even allowing a president to become a dictator?  Does anyone really believe that if such a thing did occur, an armed citizenry could prevail against them?  Does such paranoia really exist, or is it merely a ploy that, shouted loud and often, is intended to deter saner minds from denying them toys that have become too abundant and too dangerous to amass in the toy box?

It has taken a long time to get here, so we should not expect a quick fix.  There are so many guns in this country that it is said we can never be rid of them.  Perhaps.  But, even if it takes longer to get rid of them than it took to amass them, it will never end if it never begins.  With an amended 2nd Amendment, perhaps one that spells out what a well-regulated American militia means in the 21st century, we can begin to move away from such violence that too often resembles the chaos of the Middle East.

Coming release of latest book

I’m happy to announce I am getting closer to finishing Wolfehaven, the third book in the Refuge Omnibus series. I’m not sure just how close, but close enough for me to see it on the horizon. More to come.

Use of choke-holds by police

Since I saw the headlines about Eric Garner dying during a confrontation with a police officer in New York, especially when he called out more than once that he couldn’t breath, I’ve been wondering what went wrong. Something did. It shouldn’t have happened. I don’t mean Mr. Garner being arrested. That is a completely different issue, which I will not get into at this time. What I will get into, though, is the use of a choke-hold.

I’ll start out by saying a choke-hold can be a good, effective and safe method of controlling a combative prisoner or someone about to become a prisoner. That’s right–safe. But only if it is done correctly. I know because I’ve used them on combative persons a few times in my eighteen years on a police department, and not one of them died or suffered lasting ill effects, or even filed a brutality complaint against me.

I’m afraid the problem is that there are officers out there that don’t know how to properly apply a choke-hold. If there are police academies that skip over that little item in their arrest procedures classes, it goes right back on them, and there is no excuse for it. In any police department that allows or encourages its officers to use choke-holds, it is the department’s responsibility to ensure that every officer is trained in the proper method for its use. If an officer serves in a position, either on the street or in a jail environment, that he might need to use a choke hold for his safety as well as that of the person he is trying to subdue, there is no defense the department can use to justify him not being properly trained. Yes, it also falls, ultimately, on the officer not to use a choke-hold, or anything else, if he is not trained to use it. Unless the situation is so dire that he would be justified to bash the person over the head with a baseball bat rather than let him escape, if he doesn’t know how to use a choke-hold, he shouldn’t even try. And I don’t mean it’s okay if he thinks he knows how; I mean unless he has been trained and demonstrated after his training that he knows how. It is simply too easy to kill a person. Better to let him get away and catch him another time.

Another thing to be aware of is that even a properly applied choke-hold may not work on obese persons due to the amount of tissue in the neck.  If there is so much stuff there that the carotid arteries cannot be closed off with applied pressure, it shouldn’t even be attempted. Enough pressure to accomplish that job may break his neck first. From what I remember of the video of Eric Garner, he was pretty hefty. Maybe the officer’s arm around his neck was meant only as a restraining hold and not intended to put him out. But, if that was the case, it appears he wasn’t trained in the proper way to apply a restraining choke-hold (which is not really supposed to choke him). Alas, in a bad situation that is getting worse, panic is probably never far away, and panic has a way of increasing the amount of energy expended in whatever is attempted. But, that is straying away from the use of a choke-hold and into issues I don’t want to tackle right now.

So, back to using a choke-hold safely, and I am not just blowing air. If a choke-hold is done the right way, the person being choked has no problem breathing. I know; that sounds like an oxymoron. But that is because it isn’t really a choke-hold. It is just called that because it probably evolved over time from a real choke-hold in which a person was deprived of the ability to breathe until he passed out–or died.

What a properly applied choke-hold does is cut off the flow of blood to his brain. Now, doing that is just as dangerous as stopping his breathing, so knowing when to release the pressure is at least as important as knowing where and how to apply the pressure. Held too long, depriving the brain of oxygen for too long, which can be mere seconds, and serious damage occurs causing anything from permanent impairment to death. I’m talking seconds, here. You can’t hold a conversation with someone else while you’re waiting for the guy to stop fighting. You can’t hold him for a bit longer after he stops struggling just to be sure he’s not bluffing. As soon as he goes limp you have to release him. No waiting. No finishing your phone call to your girlfriend. You release him immediately. But that’s not the end of it. If you and he are on your feet, you have to hang onto him and ease him down so he doesn’t fall and break his head. Remember, he is unconscious, and you are the one who put him that way. You then have to check him for life signs to be sure you didn’t hold him for too long. Make sure he has a pulse and is breathing. If he isn’t, start CPR immediately. Make sure he is lying in a position that his breathing isn’t impaired. Make sure the surrounding mob doesn’t take turns kicking him. Make sure he isn’t lying across the tracks with a train coming. You put him out, and he is your responsibility. Put the cuffs on him, but, otherwise, let him come around. It won’t take long.

One of the occasions in which I used a choke-hold was in the booking room. The guy I had arrested was young, healthy, and just a bit drunk, although not falling down; just enough to be belligerent and uncooperative. As soon as I got him into the booking room and before I could close and lock the door, he decided he had had enough of that nonsense and was going to leave. I grabbed him before he got to the door, and the fight was on, although no one actually got hit. I got around to his back side with both of us sitting on the floor and put a choke-hold on him. In less than ten seconds he went limp and I released him. After checking him for life signs, I elected to postpone the rest of booking until he had sobered up. I dragged him through the doorway into the cell block and into the first empty cell where I left him lying on the floor. Before I could turn to leave the cell, he stirred, looked up at me with wide eyes and, in a wonderous voice, said, “Wow! What a trip!”

I’m not going to describe the technique for using choke-holds for the same reason I’m not going to describe how to make a Molotov cocktail or pipe bomb. Insisting that this should not be attempted at home merely prods some folks to try it. And, like I said, choke-holds can, indeed, be lethal if not done correctly, and that can be learned only through training.

I won’t say a part of the training has to involve having a choke-hold placed on each trainee, but it’s not a bad idea. We did it in the academy I attended many years ago. I remember the pressure on both sides of my neck, but I also remember being able to breath with no problem. I remember it started with a ringing in my ears, then a diminishing of daylight starting at the edges of my vision and moving inward fairly quickly. I remember everything going black, and then waking up lying on my back. There was no pain, either before or afterwards. It was an experience I have never forgotten. And I don’t doubt it was something that has prevented me from having other experiences that I wish I could forget.

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